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Famous and Notable U.S. Immigrants in the Sciences
Here we explore notable and famous immigrants who have made their mark in the sciences.
Hyman Rickover, Inventory, Father of the Nuclear Navy
Admiral Rickover born in Makow, Russia (now Poland). He emigrated to Illinois, USA as a small boy and later entered the US Naval Academy. He invented the first nuclear powered submarine in the world.
Hyman G. Rickover � Russia � Science
Admiral Hyman George Rickover, U.S. Navy was known as the "Father of the Nuclear Navy", having served 63 years of active duty before retiring in 1982. He received numerous medals and decorations including The Navy Distinguished Service Medal, The Legion of Merit, The Navy Commendation Medal and The World War II Victory Medal.
Dr. David Ho, Taiwanese-American Research Pioneer
Ho migrated to the US unable to speak English, but ended up at MIT and Cal Tech studying physics. He went on to Harvard Medical School for Molecular Biology, and, as resident at UCLA Medical Center, saw some of the first known AIDS cases. Today, he's a leader in the AIDS fight, and was named Time's "Man of the Year" for his remarkable progress.
Dr. Deepak Chopra, Indian-born (Hindi) MD, Mind-Body Guru
Born and educated in India,Chopra emigrated to the States in 1970, and was board-certified in internal medicine and endocrinology. He was a university professor and hospital chief of staff before branching off into private practice with a focus on mind-body treatments. His main influences are Vedanta, the Bhagavad Gita, and quantum physics.
Hans Bethe, French-born Physicist with Nobel Prize
Bethe studied in Germany, England and Rome before emigrating to the UK, and later to the US. His most famous work focused on nuclear reactions, and he won the Nobel prize for his discovery of the reactions which supply energy in stars.
Edward Teller, Hungarian-born Ph.D, Scientist
In 1926, Edward left Budapest to study chemical engineering in Germany. He emigrated to Denmark and worked in England before migrating to the US, and eventually becoming "Father of the Hydrogen Bomb."
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, Swiss-born Psychiatrist, Hospice Advocate
Born, raised and educated in Switzerland, Kubler-Ross is credited with bringing today's widely-accepted hospice system into mainstream medical treatment. Her first book, <i>On Death and Dying,</i> is still required reading in most major medical, nursing, and psychology programs.
Enrico Fermi, Italian-born Physicist, With Nobel Prize
Fermi had an established professorial career in Italy before he arrived in the US and was appointed Professor of Physics at Columbia University in NYC. He was considered the number-one neutrons expert of his day. He collaberated on the Manhattan Project and won a Nobel Prize for his work on artificial radioactivity and slow-neutron induced nuclear reactions.
Related Article - Brain Fill: Immigrants Increasing US Intelligence
For every engineer, doctor, nurse or researcher that India (or any other country) loses to the States, America becomes that much more competitive in technology, medicine and science.
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